Yellow mustard is an annual plant of the family Brassicaceae, cultivated for its seeds. Mustard grows up to 70 cm high, has stalkless pinnate leaves and yellow flowers that produce hairy seed pods, with each pod containing roughly a half dozen seeds. The seeds contain sinalbin, which is a thioglycoside responsible for their pungent taste. Yellow mustard has fewer volatile oils and the flavor is considered to be milder than that produced by black mustard seeds.
Yellow mustard seeds are used medicinally and have anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties, provide relief in skin and respiratory diseases, improves cardiovascular health, cures aches, have a healing effect on nerves ecc.